PEP - Page 3
Exposure due to rape
The risk of contracting HIV disease through forced sexual acts, including both vaginal and anal sex, is not known. It is commonly assumed that the risk is much greater than during consensual sex as forced sex is associated with greater trauma to the vagina or anus. If there is any tearing or damage the virus can get into the bloodstream more easily.
The risk of HIV infection through oral sex is extremely low. It is much lower than for other types of unprotected sexual activity.
PEP treatment should be started as soon as possible after rape, especially for children, and definitely within 72 hours of the incident.
PEP access for rape is also available in Hospital and Health centre
What Happens After Exposure?
HIV tests will be performed on all people before commencing PEP, with their permission. They will also receive pre- and post-test counseling. If a person refuses an HIV test, PEP will not be provided. People who are either known to be HIV-positive or found to be HIV-positive will not be offered PEP.
They will be counseled and referred to an appropriate health facility for long-term management. If the person is HIV negative treatment will be started immediately.
If a rapid HIV test is not available people will be started on PEP with a three-day starter pack. If the results come back positive the treatment will be discontinued and the person will be given appropriate advice. If the person is HIV negative the full course of the treatment will then be provided.