HIV Status in Zanzibar - Page 5
There is now evidence that young women in Zanzibar are getting exposed to sex at an early age, and those involved are often oblivious of the dangers this poses to tem especially the risk of HIV infection. About 6 percent and 13 percent of young people aged 15-24 years have had pre-marital sex, and which in most instances, is unprotected. This pre-disposes these young people to higher risks of contracting STDs and HIV infection. Similarly, unprotected sex among married couples who have multiple concurrent sexual partnerships poses challenges to prevention efforts and could aggravate the HIV epidemic in Zanzibar.
High mobility and high migration by Zanzibaris
Internal and external migration is common among Zanzibaris and to those residing within the vicinity of Zanzibar. These include business people, migrant workers (pre-dominantly hoteliers), tourists and MARPs (all MARPs sub-populations have been documented to be highly mobile). Based on circumstances these might not have power to protect themselves and some might participate in high-risk sexual activity for their survival. Frequent access to proper and quality health services is also quite limited among these groups.
The Socioeconomic Impact of HIV in Zanzibar
As is the case in other neighbouring Sub-Saharan African countries, the HIV epidemic has had a negative impact on Zanzibar, and effective strategies are needed to respond. Many challenges stand in the way of the development and implementation of effective strategies due to the nature and type of the epidemic in Zanzibar, and in part, as a result of limited reliable data. There are few assessments that have done to look in greater detail at the impact of HIV epidemic on the Islands. In view of this, the HIV effects at household and national levels are yet to be fully defined.
- << Prev